How Needle Valve Works


Needle valves is a kind of valve designs which have atiny opening and also have a plunger which looks great and resemble the common type of sewing needle. The objective of this kind of valve is to pave a way by which gases or liquid which flow through the valve mechanism can be controlled. The flow rate can be adjusted to the desired amount, thus making the needle valve essential in various situations, including various kinds of engines.
Apart from the tapered plunger and elongation, a screw which fits into what is regarded as a seat is also included in a needle valve. The aim of the seat is to ensure the possibility of turning the screw so as to increase or decrease the flow of gases or liquid which passes through the valve. Due to the fact that the needle is constructed in order to takes a number of turns before the plunger can be moved, it is possible to regulate the flow with higher precision.

The needle fits perfectly for the situation in which you want a specific flow rate with just a little or no variance because it has an ability to control the flow with a higher precision.One uses which is common to both the brass needle and stainless steel valves is used in the utility meters which require you to measure the accurate quantity of power, water or natural gas which has been consumed by a customer at a certain period of time. In addition to that, this type of valve is mostly used to regulate the flow into the system used to deliver the product to different destinations. The control of the needle valve rate will ensure the stress on delivery system is kept at minimal level which will helps in enhancing the safety of personnel who work at different points along the system.
How Needle Valve Works
It is also crucial to concentrate on the working principle of a Needle valve so that it will be well understood. The Needle valves are mostly used in fluid pipelines for the control the rate at which fluid flows. If you check the design as well as the operating mechanism of needle valve, you will observe that the needle valve have a similar design as well as operating mechanism with the globe valves. There won’t be a disc assembled with valve stem as in a globe valve, but in place of that, there would be a slender point towards the end of the stem which can be used for controlling or restricting the flow of fluid.
As shown in the figure below, it would have a single handle wheel which is assembled with stem of valve and the handle wheel which as mentioned can be used to open and also close the needle valve. Whenever you rotate the handle wheel; it would also move the tapered and slender part of the valve in either upward or downward direction.

As we can see from the picture above, we will observe that it is clearly divided into two different parts. The bottom part would be connected with the aid of flanges to the inlet and outlet and upper part of needle valve will consist of a long, précised and well-designed tapered and slender points towards the end of the long stem.The precise threading of valve stem as well as large area of valve seat would allow the precise control over the rate at which fluid flows through the needle valve.
A needle valve will help in the provision of precise control over the fluid flow. When handle wheel will be rotated in a clockwise direction, steam and its tapered and slender point will move downward and it will be tightly fixed into a vale seat which is provided over the inlet and thus there will be no leakage of fluid through the valve once the valve is closed entirely.
Whenever you rotate the handle in an anti-clockwise manner, its tapered, steam and slender point will move in upward direction and the valve will be opened from the closed position so as to permit the flow of fluid through the valve. Fluid which is flowing through the needle valve will rotate at an angle of 90 degree and will likewise pass through the valve seat at which tapered or slender point of valve stem will be seated whenever the valve is in closed position.


For engines which have carburetors in them, a needle valve is usually the device which helps to regulate the flow of fuel into the device. This is very essential because too much fuel can choke the carburetor, and later shut the system down. In addition, if the fuel going into the system is not enough, the carburetor will be stressed and might also get damaged and this may result to a costly repair of the parts. A float valve can be included rather than using a needle. This can also be identified as a needle-type valve, but with a different design.
It can also be used in other equipment which controls water temperature in a particular system. For instance, some residential water heaters use this type of valve as a type of bleed valve which makes it possible to relieve pressure on the water flowing through the device. However, with other applications, the valve makes it possible to control the flow of water through the heater; this factor can also help in minimizing the amount of energy which is needed to maintain the supply of hot water.
While there are several benefits of using the needle valve, the basic design does not have any disadvantage. Unlike other kinds of valves, there is no way to observe the position of the screw visually or the handle which is used to control the position of the screw and also determine if the valve is open or closed. Because of this, other devices are mostly included in the design of the equipment which makes it possible to monitor the flow of liquid and gases, and also adjust the valve which flow accordingly.

Applications and benefits of needle valve

  • One of the applications is that it is used for the control of fluid flow into the delicate gauges of the system, and this can damage it if high pressure fluid is delivered suddenly.
  • A needle valve can also be used in different industrial equipment where motion of work must stop slowly at the end of the operation.
  • Needle valves are mostly utilized for the control and adjustment of fluid flow appropriately. They are in high demands wherever you need a lower flow of liquid or gases
  • You can likewise use needle valve for under throttling conditions, incomplete closed position or complete open condition.

Needle valves and other flow control valves are slightly different because they are two way directional valves and can be used for controlling the flow of fluid in both direction, while other kinds of flow control valve will restrict or control the flow of fluid in one direction only because there will be one check valve for the provision of free flow in a reverse direction.
The needle control valves usually have small sized valves and are used in companies and they have a fine-threading stem, the large seat area will help in getting a precise resistant flow. There are various kinds of needle valves which are available in the market. These nozzles varies in the size, functions, shapes etc. therefore before you choose a valve, it is crucial to consider the usage of the valve. Most of the valves which are available in the market have a tapered, slender end. You also have an option to lower the stem for restricting or blocking the fluid flow.
Needle valves are designed mainly for the regulation of the flow of the gages and liquids at a low rate. The large seat area and the fine threading stem of these valves will help to determine the rate of flow of the fluid into the delicate gauges. The hydraulic valves control nozzles are also the best option for working under the high pressure conditions.
With the help of a hydraulic nozzles and needle nozzles, you have an option to bring the flow to a halt. You can also have some kinds of precise adjustment in these valves for the maintenance of the flow of the fluid. There are also hydraulic valves and needle valves which can also be obtained for the control of the water flow. If you are looking for water control valves, you will likewise come across automated control valves, which will help in completing the task.
Needle valve which is a member of the valve family has been playing an essential role at gradually and ultimately shutting off the flow. Various kinds of needle valves are used to regulate the amount of a substance released by flow, pressure as well as direction. Therefore, they are the indispensable parts of most industrial process. The specific part in the valve itself is the structure which is designed elaborately and also includes the point.
In facts, the design of many components of the needle valve has done a great favors and at this moment, when you take the parts which is called the valve stem and seal for example, it would make contributions to the performance of the whole equipment.
The valve stem is also a crucial part of the valve and it is specially designed to ensure a precise flow control. Different kinds of stems are usually designed with the thin threads. Generally speaking, the most common types which can be found include the threads in fine, wetted, coarse and non-wetted style. These types have their individual advantages. For instance, fine threads are able to be spaced closely with the thin appearance which will result to the precise flow control in the minimal amounts. And the coarse threads and non-wetted stem threads vary on the point whether they are exposed to the fluid or not. The former one does and the latter does not. All in all, they are able to provide a precise flow of the subject.
And the seal is also an indispensable part of the needle valve, this is because if the seal is not good enough, the entire equipment would result into poor performance and might even fail to work. In fact, there are also some available types of seal. It has three different types. They are the type in plastic to metal, metal to metal and metal to plastic. Each type has its outstanding features. For instance, the plastic to metal seal is very popular in the gas molecules resulting from its appreciated scalability and reliable tightness.
Thus, all the components are essential for the whole performance of the needle valve. Because of this, they are able to be used to control the flow of liquid or gas and also protect fragile gauges.


The needle valves are well constructed to allow easy cleaning even in the dirty service and have many benefits if an individual invest in it. They have features which make it possible for one to accomplish the desired tasks effectively. The valves have mirror stem finish in the packing area which enables smooth operation and extend the packing life. All these factors of the needle valves such as hard seat as well as hard pressure type can ensure you gain the best from investing in the best models of needle valve.
On the other hand, the valve manifold is designed to work in severe conditions and intended to serve a wide range of requirements. It is also considered to be economical because it provides a variety of inlet as well as outlet connections. The valve manifold is also excellent device in precision facilities and management system. The valve manifold is used to reduce the number of components in the fittings in order to save cost and reduce the potential leak points. The valve manifold has a non-rotating stem which helps to eliminate seat galling. There are 2, 3 and 5 valve manifold with different functions. Their functions can be differentiated by identifying the color of the caps, the green cap means equalizer valve, blue cap means isolate valve, while a red shows a vent valve. All these functions is to ensure the pressure transmitters, switches or gauges work properly whenever the correct valve manifold is installed.

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